Simple Fractions

Imagine your friend has a chocolate bar.

She divides it into 2 equal parts so she can share it with her brother.

**Equal **means the sizes of all the parts are the same.

Your friend eats one **half **of the chocolate. She gives the other **half **to her brother.

👉Two **halves **make one **whole.**

Each part is one-half of the whole. It is written as 1/2.

1/2 is a **fraction!**

A **fraction **shows the number of equal parts that make up a whole. Below is an example of a fraction.

The top number is called the **numerator.** It tells us the number of parts that we have.

The bottom number is called the **denominator.** It tells us the total number of equal parts the whole was divided into.

A **line **separates these two numbers in the middle.

**😃 Tip: **sometimes, we use a **/ **instead of a **line **like 1/2. It makes typing fractions easier.

You have a chocolate bar. You divide it into 4 equal pieces.

You give 3 pieces to your friends.

The fraction to show this is **3/4**.

👉 **3 **shows the number of pieces you gave to your friends.

👉 **4 **is the total number of pieces the chocolate bar was cut into.

You eat the remaining 1 piece of the chocolate bar.

😋 The fraction to show the part that you ate is **1/4**.

Look at this rectangle. It is divided into 3 equal parts.

👉 2 parts are colored. The colored part is 2/3 of the whole rectangle.

👉 1 part is white. The white part is 1/3 of the whole circle.

Let's look at another example.

This circle is divided into 4 parts.

👉 3 parts are green. 3/4 of the circle is green.

👉 1 part is orange. 1/4 of the circle is orange.

Great job learning about fractions. Try the problems next.

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